The Accounting Equation: An Integral Part of Double - Entry Accounting

The Accounting Equation: An Integral Part of Double - Entry Accounting By: Dr. John E. Ware, I

The accounting equation is the foundation of double-entry accounting and one of the most important concepts in the world of accounting. It represents the relationship between assets, liabilities and equity, and shows that all assets are either financed by borrowing money (liabilities) or by investing money (equity).

The equation states  Assets = Liabilities + Equity.

Assets refer to the resources owned by a company that provide future economic benefits, such as cash, investments, inventory and accounts receivable. Liabilities refer to the obligations of a business that require future sacrifices of economic benefits, such as accounts payable, wages and taxes. Equity is the residual value after subtracting total liabilities from total assets.

The accounting equation is an integral part of the double-entry accounting system and helps ensure accuracy in financial records. Every time a transaction occurs, it must be recorded in both sides of the equation, making sure that the equation remains balanced. This means that the value of assets always equal the combined value of liabilities and equity.

By understanding the accounting equation and its importance in double-entry accounting, you can ensure accurate financial records and understand how each transaction affects the balance sheet of your business.


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